In 1998, an esteemed medical journal published a paper with a startling conclusion: that the measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine — administered to millions of children across the globe each year — could cause autism.
This study, led by the discredited physician-researcher Andrew Wakefield, is where the current vaccine-autism debate started.
Elizabeth often has her hair in a ponytail or in a different up-do, rather than having her hair down.
Elizabeth cares about her friends and family, and will go to great lengths to help them out.
Wakefield lost his job in the Department of Medicine at London’s Royal Free Hospital, his country, his career, and his medical license." Wakefield even tried to sue the BMJ and Deer, suggesting they were going after him in some sort of vendetta.
Elizabeth Wakefield is the sensible one, and often has to bail her twin out of trouble Jessica got in due to her impulsive nature.
Among them, while he was discrediting the combination measles-mumps-rubella vaccine and suggesting parents should give their children single shots over a longer period of time, he was conveniently filing patents for single-disease vaccines."For the vast majority of children, the MMR vaccine is fine," he said, "but I believe there are sufficient anxieties for a case to be made to administer the three vaccinations separately." He also suggested the long-term safety studies of the MMR shouldn't be trusted.
Brian Deer's investigation revealed that in June 1997, Wakefield had filed a patent for a supposedly "safer" single measles vaccine.Again, the totality of the evidence opposes this vaccine-autism theory.(The Lancet) A British investigative journalist, Brian Deer, followed up with the families of each of the 12 kids in the study.In another of the most thorough studies to date, nearly half a million kids who got the vaccine were compared with some 100,000 who didn't, and there were no differences in the autism rates between the two groups."This study provides strong evidence against the hypothesis that MMR vaccination causes autism," the authors wrote in the New England Journal of Medicine.It has since been thoroughly eviscerated: The Lancet retracted the paper, investigators have described the research as an "elaborate fraud," and Wakefield has lost his medical license. ( Large-scale studies involving thousands of participants in several countries have failed to establish a link between the MMR vaccine and the mental developmental disorder.