Horton is regarded as the true founder of Toowoomba, despite the fact that he was not the first man to live there.Drovers and wagon masters spread the news of the new settlement at Toowoomba. It had a population of 700, three hotels and many stores.These waterways, East Creek and West Creek, flow together just north of the CBD to form Gowrie Creek.
The rich volcanic soil in the region helps maintain the 150 public parks that are scattered across the city.
Jacaranda, camphor laurel and plane trees line many of the city streets.
Toowoomba is situated on the crest of the Great Dividing Range, around 700 metres (2,300 ft) above sea level.
A few streets are on the eastern side of the edge of the range, but most of the city is west of the divide.
The city occupies the edge of the range and the low ridges behind it.
Two valleys run north from the southern boundary, each arising from springs either side of Middle Ridge near Spring Street at an altitude of around 680 m.
The city's reputation as 'The Garden City' is highlighted during the Australian Carnival of Flowers festival held in September each year.
Deciduous trees from around the world line many of the parks, giving a display of autumn colour.
Examples of architecture drawing from the city's wealthy beginnings include Toowoomba City Hall which was Queensland's first purpose-built town hall, the National Trust Royal Bull's Head Inn and many examples in the heritage-listed Russell Street.
Immediately to the east of the CBD is the Caledonian Estate, an area of turn-of-the-20th-century housing, ranging from humble workers cottages to large stately homes, in the classic wooden Queenslander style.
Like most of south-east Queensland, severe thunderstorms can be a threat and Toowoomba may occasionally be affected by ex-tropical cyclones.